State authorities are alerting local businesses and purchasers of tropical nursery stock mid-week of a recent detection of fire ants in a shipment of palm trees imported from Florida. The red imported fire ants were detected during a routine check at a Sussex County business by the Delaware Department of Agriculture’s Plant Industries nursery inspection team. They were eradicated and do not pose a threat, officials said.
“Buyers of tropical nursery stock — such as palm trees — should carefully inspect their plants for small, aggressive red stinging ants,” said Jeff Brothers, nursery inspection supervisor for the Department of Agriculture. “We need these to be reported quickly and promptly to keep them from spreading or staying in Delaware over the winter.”
Anyone finding a suspicious ant should call DDA’s Plant Industries Section at (302) 698-4500 or 1-800-282-8685 (toll-free for Delaware only), officials urged.
A federal quarantine is in place for fire ants in part or all of Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and Puerto Rico, covering more than 367 million acres. The U.S. Department of Agriculture only allows shipments of nursery stock from quarantined states with an inspection certificate.
Faith Kuehn, DDA’s plant industries administrator, said that anyone who travels in those states should not bring plants or plant material back into Delaware that has not been properly inspected; plants should be accompanied by a state inspection certificate. Nurseries or other vendors should check each shipment received for the proper credentials and inspection certificates.
“We are urging caution on all fronts because of the ability of fire ants to spread quickly and the danger they pose,” Kuehn said. “We have had good luck so far, but that depends on prompt reporting and inspections.”
Imported fire ants pose a hazard to both human and animal health and to agriculture. Young animals and young trees are both susceptible, while nests in fields can interfere with cultivation and harvesting. When their nests are disturbed, they can be very aggressive, crawling up vertical surfaces and biting and stinging in a swarm.
Red imported fire ants are small (3-6 mm long) red to reddish-brown ants. Mounds can be 18 inches high and 3 feet across, and have no visible external opening, unlike ant hills. Stings are very painful, and venom from a fire ant attack can cause a variety of symptoms in humans, including nausea, dizziness and allergic reactions, including anaphylactic shock. More information on red imported fire ants can be found at www.aphis.usda.gov.